6 min read • Nov 23, 2020
Ademusoyo Awosika-Olumo is a Nigerian American software engineer, digital consultant and content creator based in the New York City Area. In her free time, she enjoys traveling, writing, running, and doing yoga.
Although Java is one of the oldest programming languages, it is still one of the most powerful and commonly used programming languages today. Integrating a java framework to your stack, allows you to lessen development time with pre-written methods, callbacks, listeners, or pattern implementations.
A framework is a collection of libraries. A Java Framework can dictate what you're trying to build and how you plan on building it. Certain Java Frameworks allow for increased security, community support, and efficiency while decreasing expenses. This comprehensive guide will break down various frameworks based on different categories and use cases.
Let’s look at the most popular open source Java Frameworks used today:
Spring Framework Github: https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-framework
Advantages of Spring: Lightweight framework that supports backwards compatibility.
Disadvantages of Spring: Once you start a project using Spring, the project then has the tendency to be dependent on the framework.
Spring can be used for a variety of different programming applications across different layers of the application. Spring adopts a Plain Old Java Object (POJO) programming model and has a variety of different modules that can be used such as Spring Boot, Spring Core, Spring Security, and Spring OBM. An attractive advantage is that Spring is a lightweight framework that supports backward compatibility.
Trends code for Hibernate Framework:
Advantages of Hibernate: Open source, good for portability and productivity
Disadvantages of Hibernate: Slower performance compared to other options
Hibernate is an object-relationship management (ORM) framework. It's primarily used for relational database management and can execute SQL queries. Hibernate can be used to help you overcome Object-Relational Impedance Mismatch problems. It is an open-source project that is perfect for Object-Oriented Projects that require high portability and productivity. However, the performance is slower due to the fact that it generates a lot of SQL statements at runtime.
Trend for ‘JHipster’:
JHipster Github: https://github.com/jhipster/generator-jhipster
Advantages of JHipster: Full stack tool that facilitates code generation and also integrates very well with Spring Boot
Disadvantages of JHipster: May not be the best option for complex web applications
Java Hipster (JHipster) is used to quickly develop web applications and microservices using Angular and React and Spring. With JHipster you can generate full-stack applications and microservices, generate CRUD methods directly, and can provide SQL and NoSQL support. JHipster has the advantage of being a full-stack tool and is easy to generate code.
Trends for JavaServer Faces:
JavaServer Faces Github: https://github.com/javaserverfaces/mojarra
JSF Advantages: A lot of support for developers
JSF Disadvantages: A higher learning curve than most frameworks
JavaServer Faces (JSF) helps build user interfaces for Java Web Applications. This framework comes with a component-based MVC environment that can be helpful for back-end developers who need to create a user interface without little code. JSF is a big chunk of what makes up J2EE so it's here to stay and very well supported.
Trend for Google Web Toolkit:
GWT Github: https://github.com/gwtproject/gwt
Advantage of GWT: Supported by library of Google APIs
Disadvantages of GWT: A lot of boiler plate code that takes a long time to compile. UI tests tend to run slow
Trend for Vaadin:
Vaadin Github: https://github.com/vaadin/framework
Advantages of Vaadin: Equipped with responsive CSS interfaces
Disadvantages of Vaadin: Poor scalability
Vaadin has a strong focus on UX accessibility. Using Vaadin gives you direct access between the DOM and the JVM with built-in UI components that can be called like regular java functions. Vaadin can help you create native mobile applications and can be extremely useful for data visualizations. Vaadin has the advantage of being equipped with responsive CSS interfaces.
Play Github: https://github.com/playframework/playframework
Advantages: Developer Friendly
Disadvantages: High learning curve
Play framework makes web development and mobile development easy. It is RESTful by default and has a variety of cloud deployment options that allow for teams to be spread across different parts of the world. It doesn't rely on Java EE standards which makes it easy to develop web-friendly Java and Scala applications that demand content creation capabilities. Play is good for working on long term projects but has a very steep learning curve upon initial usage.
Ktor Github: https://github.com/ktorio/ktor
Advantages of Ktor: Lightweight and asynchronous
Disadvantages of Ktor: Is a Kotlin framework, so it cannot fully replace Java
Ktor is a framework for building asynchronous servers and clients using Kotlin. Ktor helps with building standalone applications with embedded servers. It's lightweight which allows you to configure where you need it and its asynchronous behavior allows you to scale as you see fit. Ktor has the capability to compile with existing Java code, however, it doesn't fully replace the power and capabilities of Java.
Here are some frameworks that are used across different programming languages on the JVM (Java Virtual Machine):
Vert.X Github: https://github.com/eclipse-vertx/vert.x
Blade Github: https://github.com/lets-blade/blade
Blade is a lightweight MVC framework that allows for simplicity. It is self-contained and supports a RESTful style routing interface.
Micronaut Github: https://github.com/micronaut-projects/micronaut-core
Micronaut is a full stack framework that aids in building microservices and serviceless applications. You can use it using Java, Kotlin, or Groovy.
Jooby Github: https://github.com/jooby-project/jooby
Jooby can be used in both Java and Kotlin.
Here are some older frameworks that are no longer being maintained:
To learn more or get help choosing a framework that meets your needs, contact our cloud experts.
By Ademusoyo Awosika-Olumo